Where Is This Hebrew Name for God Mentioned in the Bible?
The name Adonai, and its variations, is found in more than 400 verses throughout God’s Word.
As the definition states, the usage can have a possessive quality to it. In this passage from Exodus for instance, God called Moses to proclaim His personal name as he stood before the Pharaoh. Then, all would know that God was claiming the Hebrews as His own people.
God also said to Moses, “Say to the Israelites, ‘The Lord, the God of your fathers—the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob—has sent me to you. This is my name forever, the name you shall call me from generation to generation.'” (Exodus 3:15)
At times, Adonai describes the God who demands justice for His own. The prophet Isaiah was given this vision about upcoming punishment for the King of Assyria for his Acts against Israel.
Therefore, the Lord, the Lord Almighty, will send a wasting disease upon his sturdy warriors; under his pomp a fire will be kindled like a blazing flame. (Isaiah 10:16)
Other times Adonai carries the ring of praise. King David, along with the other Psalmists, rejoiced in acknowledging God’s authority, and proudly declared it.
Lord, our Lord, how majestic is your name in all the earth! You have set your glory in the heavens. (Psalm 8:1)
The Lord has established his throne in heaven, and his kingdom rules over all. (Psalm 103:19)
Several variations on the name Adonai appear in Scripture:
Adon (Lord) was the Hebrew root word. It was actually used for humans and angels, as well as God.
So Sarah laughed to herself as she thought, “After I am worn out and my lord is old, will I now have this pleasure? (Gen 18:12)
Adonai (the LORD) became a widely used substitute for YHWY.
…I saw the LORD, high and exalted, seated on a throne; and the train of his robe filled the temple. (Isaiah 6:1)
Adonai ha’adonim (the Lord of lords) is a forceful statement of God’s eternal nature as ruler.
Give thanks to the Lord of lords: His love endures forever. (Psalm 136:3)
Adonai Adonai (the Lord YHWH or the Lord God) also doubly affirms God’s sovereignty.
For you singled them out from all the nations of the world to be your own inheritance, just as you declared through your servant Moses when you, Sovereign Lord, brought our ancestors out of Egypt. (1 Kings 8:53)
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