In the last two lessons we have seen that
Jesus’ arrival was just in time from the point of view of communication and geography. Today we will consider the third approach.
Human history is full of wars. From 5,000 years ago, different races and communities were involved in wars, battles, and wars with one another. They fought regularly. Egyptians, North Africans, Akkadians, Sumerians, Persians, Babylonians, Hittites, Assyrians, Jews, Greeks and Romans were repeatedly involved in brutal wars. Many of these wars were not limited to one generation but lasted for generations. In the fourth century BCE, there was no world peace under the leadership of the powerful Macedonian king Alexander the Great.
But with the arrival of Augustus, many things changed. Before his rule, peace could hardly be found among the warring nations. In fact, the history of the ancient world is full of stories of power struggles and bloodshed.
Augustus was born in 63 BC in the Republic of Rome. He was 75 when he died in 14 CE He was the first Roman emperor to rule from 27 BC to 14 AD. Also known as Octavius, he is regarded as one of the most influential leaders in human history. By bringing all the Mediterranean territories under one rule, the Roman Empire consolidated most of the western lands. Most of the nations fighting against each other came under one rule.
Under the leadership of Emperor Augustus, Roman peace began, known as ‘Pax Romana’. This period of peace, which began in 27 BC, was extended to 180 AD. This period, which lasted for about 200 years, is also called the Golden Age in Roman history. The empire was peaceful and prosperous. During this time Jews were allowed to live in cities such as Jerusalem, following their culture and customs.
At a time of relative peace throughout the empire, an environment was created for the teaching and ministry of Jesus of Nazareth. This golden age of the Romans was more suitable for the incarnation of Jesus than the time before. The historian Luke records that Jesus arrived in this short period of time. दर्ता He took his fiance Mary with him to register his name. Mary was pregnant. “She gave birth to her firstborn son” (Luke 2: 1-7).